Throat Tumor

What is Throat Tumor?

Throat tumors refer to tumor that develop in throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx) or tonsils. Throat is a muscular tube that begins behind nose and ends in neck. Voice box sits just below throat and is also susceptible to throat cancer. The voice box is made of cartilage and contains the vocal cords that vibrate to make sound when talk. Throat tumor can also affect the piece of cartilage that acts as a lid for windpipe.

What is risk factor of throat Tumor?

Different tumors have different risk factors. Risk factor is increasing the chances of getting a disease. It is important to know the risk factors so that appropriate action can be taken such as changing a health behavior or being monitored closely for a potential tumor. There are several risk factor of throat tumor:

    • Alcohol and Tobacco

People with alcohol dependencies and tobacco use have a higher risk rate of throat tumor.

    • Gender

Men are 10 times more likely to develop the disease than women.

    • Increasing Age

The risk of throat tumor increases with age. Most people with this disease are over the age of 50.

    • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

HPV exposure and infection to be strong risk factor for throat tumor. Other than that, HPV exposure and infection increase the risk of throat tumor independent of tobacco and alcohol use the other important risk factors for this disease.


How Throat Tumor Diagnosed?

The test used to diagnosed throat tumor and find out if it has spread depends on the type of tumor. Test also may be used to find out if treatment has damaged other tissues of organs.

    • Conventional incisional biopsy

This is the traditional, most frequently used type of biopsy. The doctor surgically removes part or all of the tissue where the tumor is suspected.

    • Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA)

This type of biopsy may be used if have a lump in neck that can felt. A thin needle is inserted into the area, and then cells are withdrawn and examined under a microscop.

    • Endoscopy

An endoscope (a long, thin tube with a light and lens through which the doctor can view organs and tissue) is inserted through the mouth, nose or an incision. The endoscope has tool to remove tissue samples.


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